Hokkaido Mathematical Journal

GIGA Yoshikazu, INUI Katsuya, MAHALOV Alex, MATSUI Shin'ya,

Navier-Stokes equations in a rotating frame in ${\mathbb R}^3$ with initial data nondecreasing at infinity.

Hokkaido Mathematical Journal, 35 (2006) pp.321-364




Three-dimensional rotating Navier-Stokes equations are considered with a constant Coriolis parameter $\Omega$ and initial data nondecreasing at infinity. In contrast to the non-rotating case ($\Omega=0$), it is shown for the problem with rotation ($\Omega \neq 0$) that Green's function corresponding to the linear problem (Stokes + Coriolis combined operator) does not belong to $L^1({\mathbb R}^3)$. Moreover, the corresponding integral operator is unbounded in the space $L^{\infty}_{\sigma}({\mathbb R}^3)$ of solenoidal vector fields in ${\mathbb R}^3$ and the linear (Stokes+Coriolis) combined operator does not generate a semigroup in $L^{\infty}_{\sigma}({\mathbb R}^3)$. Local in time unique solvability of the rotating Navier-Stokes equations is proven for initial velocity fields in the space $L^{\infty}_{\sigma,a}({\mathbb R}^3)$ which consists of $L^{\infty}$ solenoidal vector fields satisfying vertical averaging property such that their baroclinic component belongs to a homogeneous Besov space ${\dot B}_{\infty,1}^0$ which is smaller than $L^\infty$ but still contains various periodic and almost periodic functions. This restriction of initial data to $L^{\infty}_{\sigma,a}({\mathbb R}^3)$ which is a subspace of $L^{\infty}_{\sigma}({\mathbb R}^3)$ is essential for the combined linear operator (Stokes + Coriolis) to generate a semigroup. Using the rotation transformation, we also obtain local in time solvability of the classical 3D Navier-Stokes equations in ${\mathbb R}^3$ with initial velocity and vorticity of the form $\mbox{\bf{V}}(0)=\tilde{\mbox{\bf{V}}}_0(y) + \frac{\Omega}{2} e_3 \times y$, $\mbox{curl} \mbox{\bf{V}}(0)=\mbox{curl} \tilde{\mbox{\bf{V}}}_0(y) + \Omega e_3$ where $\tilde{\mbox{\bf{V}}}_0(y) \in L^{\infty}_{\sigma,a}({\mathbb R}^3)$.

Uncontrolled Keywordswords: rotating Navier-Stokes equations, nondecreasing initial data, homogeneous Besov spaces, Riesz operators